Tips for Safe Snow Blower Use

snow blowing
Clean and oil your snowblower to keep it running efficiently this winter.

The Outdoor Power Equipment Institute encourages home and business owners to ready their snow throwers and other winter equipment for snow flurries and winter storms.

Clearing driveways, sidewalks and parking lots is no small job, and you rely on your outdoor power equipment to make these big jobs easy, but it’s also important to keep safety in mind when using snow throwers, often referred to as snow blowers.

“Get your snow thrower serviced now, before repair shops are busy …,” says OPEI President and CEO Kris Kiser. “Review your owner’s manual now so you can use your equipment safely and have the right fuel on hand. Remember, protect your power. Gasoline-powered snow throwers should use E10 or less.”

Getting Ready

Have you read your owner’s manual? Read up for safe handling procedures. If you lost your manual, you can look it up online (and store a copy on your computer so you have the manual available to reference in the future).
Review how to operate the controls. You should be able to shut off your equipment quickly.

Have you checked your equipment since storing it? Make sure all equipment is completely powered off when checking it over. If you forgot to drain the fuel last winter before storing your snow thrower, drain the gas tank now. Adjust any cables and check the auger—again when the equipment is powered off.

Did you put your equipment where you can get to it easily? Move your equipment to a convenient and accessible location, so you can get to it easily when you need it.

Have you purchased the right fuel? Due to power outages, gas stations may be closed after a storm, so have some on hand. Be sure to use the correct fuel, as recommended by your equipment’s manufacturer. (For more information on fueling properly, see

Place gasoline in a fuel container and label it with the date purchased and the ethanol content of the fuel. Use fresh fuel in your snow thrower as fuel that is more than 30 days old can phase separate and cause operating problems. Make sure fuel is stored safely and out of the reach of children.

Are you fueling safely? Before you start the engine, fill up the fuel tank on your snow thrower outside while the engine is cold. Never add fuel to a running or hot engine.

Are batteries charged? If using a battery and electric-powered snow-thrower, make sure batteries are fully charged, in case the electricity goes out during a winter storm.

Is the area you intend to clear free of obstructions or hidden obstacles? Snow can hide objects. Doormats, hoses, balls, toys, boards, wires and other debris should be removed from the areas you intend to clear. When run over by a snow thrower, these objects may harm the machine or people.

Are you dressed properly for winter weather? Locate your safety gear now and place it in an accessible closet or location in your home. Plan to wear safety glasses, gloves and footwear that can handle cold and slippery surfaces.

Operating Throwers Safely — Questions to Ask

Do you have a clean-out tool or stick? NEVER put your hands inside the auger or chute. Use a clean-out tool (or stick) to unclog snow or debris from your snow thrower.

Do you turn off your snow thrower if you need to clear a clog? Always turn off your snow thrower and wait for all moving parts to come to a complete stop before clearing any clogs or debris.

Do you use your snow thrower in visible conditions? Never operate the snow thrower without good visibility or light.

Can you aim your snow thrower with care? Never throw snow toward people or cars. Do not allow anyone to stand in front of your snow thrower. Keep children or pets away from your snow thrower when it is operating.

Will you use extreme caution on slopes and hills? Do not attempt to clear steep slopes and use caution when changing directions on slopes or inclines.

Do you know where your cord is? If you have an electric-powered snow thrower, be aware of where the power cord is at all times. Avoid tripping. Do not run over the power cord.

Will you keep pets and children inside? Kids and pets may love to play in the white stuff, but it’s best to keep them inside your home and under supervision while you are using your snow thrower to clear a path or drive.

Do not allow them to play in the snow as it is tossed out of the snow thrower’s chute.